Journal articles, cover images and invited talks



112. L. J. Ding and N. Liu
       Rolling on the chip: SARS-CoV-2 detection by DNA motors
       First Reactions

111. R. Kaissner, B. Renz, F. Neubrech, Y. Q. Hu, and N. Liu
       An electrochemically programmable metasurface with independently controlled metasurface pixels at optical frequencies

110. M. Škugor, and N. Liu
       Small unilamellar vesicle (SUV)-based nanotechnology and applications

109. C. Guan, Z. W. Hu, Q. Wang, H. C. Li, M. Khan, H. T. Hu, W. Chen, N. Liu, and X. Lan
        Dual-interface-mediated tunable self-assembly of 2D periodic nanostructures and DNA-driven reconstructions

108. H. Wang, and C. Yu
        Light People: Professor Laura Na Liu
        Light: Science & Applications 13, 26 (2024).

107. J. Li, X. X. Li, X. Y. Huang, R. Kaissner, F. Neubrech, S. Sun, and N. Liu
       High space-bandwidth-product hologram carriers towards photorealistic 3D holography
       Invited Review      
       Laser & Photonics Reviews 2301173 (2024).

106. C. Zhang, R. F. Wu, F. J. Sun, Y. S. Lin, Y. Z. Zhang, Y. Liang, Y. M. Chen, N. Liu, Q. Ouyang, L. Qian, and H. Yan
       Parallel DNA storage by programming and printing epigenetic bits

105. Y. Luo, F. Neubrech, A. M-Jimenez, N. Liu, K. Kern, and M. Garg
       Real-time tracking of coherent oscillations of electrons in a nanodevice by photo-assisted tunnelling
       Nature Communications 15, 1316 (2024)

104. K. B. Zeng, C. C. Wu, X. D. Guo, F. X. Guan, Y. Duan, L. L. Zhang, X. X. Yang*, N. Liu*, Q. Dai*, and S. Zhang*
       Synthesized complex-frequency excitation for ultrasensitive molecular sensing
Cover Article
       eLight 4, 1 (2024).




103. Y. D. Huang, and N. Liu
        Special issue on Photonics in China
        ACS Photonics 10, 1999 (2023).

102. Yang, K. Ou, H. Y. Wan, Y. Q. Hu, Z. Y. Wei, H. H. Jia, X. B. Cheng, N. Liu, and H. G. Duan
        Metasurface-empowered photon cryptography
        Materials Today 67, 424 (2023).

101. Y. Luo, A. Martín-Jiménez, F. Neubrech, N. Liu, M. Garg
       Synthesis and direct sampling of single-cycle light-transients by electron tunneling in a nanodevice
       ACS Photonics 10, 2866 (2023).

100. J. Yang, K. Jahnke, L. Xin, A. Griffo, P.F. Zhan, A. Peil, M. Skugor, X. X. Jing, D. L. Yang, S. S. Fan, K. Göpfrich, H. Yan, P. F. Wang, and N. Liu
       Modulating Lipid membrane morphology by dynamic DNA origami networks
       Nano Letters 23, 6330 (2023).

99.  P. F. Zhan, A. Peil, Q. Jiang, D. F. Wang, S. Mousavi, Q. C. Xiong, Q. Shen, Y. X. Shang, B. Q. Ding, C. X. Lin, Y. G. Ke, N. Liu
       Recent advances in DNA origami-engineered nanomaterials and applications
       Invited Review.
       Chemical Reviews 123, 3976 (2023).

98.  A. Peil, P. F. Zhan, X. Y. Duan, R. Krahne, D. Garoli, L. M. Liz-Marzán, N. Liu
      Transformable plasmonic helix with swinging gold nanoparticles
       Cover Article
       Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 62, e202213992 (2023).



97.   A. Doricchi, C. Platnich, A. Gimpel, F. Horn, M. Earle, G. Lanzavecchia, A. Cortajarena, L. Liz-Marzán, N. Liu, R. Heckel, R. Grass, R. Krahne, U. Keyser, D. Garoli
       Emerging approaches to DNA data storage: Challenges and prospects
ACS Nano 16, 17552 (2022).

96.   Z. Y. Tang* and N. Liu*
       Upsurge in the construction of chiral nanomaterials
        Chemical Science 13, 593 (2022).

95.  Y. Q Hu, X. H. Luo, X. N. Ou, X. Li, J. J. Lai, N. Liu, X. B. Cheng, A. L. Pan, and H. G. Duan
       Metasurface-Enabled On-Chip Multiplexed Diffractive Neural Networks in the Visible
       Light Science & Applications 11, 158 (2022).

94.  P. F. Zhan, K. Jahnke, N. Liu*, K. Göpfrich*
       Functional DNA-based cytoskeletons for synthetic cells
       Nature Chemistry 14, 958 (2022).
       Research highlight in Nature 606, 842 (2022), DNA ‘skeleton’ could make a shapely synthetic cell
       Press release at University of Stuttgart, Another step towards synthetic cells
       News in ELVEFLOW, Designing DNA-based cytoskeletons for synthetic cells
News in BIOPRO BW, Artificial cytoskeleton made of DNA for synthetic cells

93. Peil, L. Xin, S. Both, L. Shen, Y. G. Ke, T. Weiss, P. F. Zhan, and N. Liu
      DNA assembly of modular components into a rotary nanodevice
      ACS Nano 16, 5284 (2022).

92. K. Jahnke, V. Huth, U. Mersdorf, N. Liu, and K. Göpfrich
      Bottom-up assembly of synthetic cells with a DNA cytoskeleton
ACS Nano 16, 7233 (2022).

91. Y. Chen, W. Du, Q. Zhang, O. Avalos-Ovando, J. Wu, Q. H. Xu, N. Liu, H. Okamoto, A. O. Govorov, Q. Xiong, and C. W. Qiu
      Multidimensional nanoscopic chiroptics
Invited Perspective
      Nature Reviews Physics 4, 113 (2022).




90. Y. Liu, L. Ma, S. Jiang. C. Han. P. Tang, H. Yang, X.Y. Duan, N. Liu*, H. Yan*, and X. Lan*
      DNA programmable self-assembly of planar, thin-layered chiral nanoparticle superstructures with complex two-dimensional patterns
ACS Nano 15, 16664 (2021)

89. P. Yu, J. X. Li, and N. Liu
      Electrically-tunable optical metasurfaces for dynamic polarization conversion
Nano Letters 21, 6690 (2021).

88. L. Xin, X. Y. Duan, and N. Liu
      Dimerization and oligomerization of DNA-assembled building blocks for controlled multi-motion in high-order architectures
Nature Communications 12, 3207 (2021).

87. R. Kaissner, J. X. Li, W. Z. Lu, X. Li, F. Neubrech, J. F. Wang, and N. Liu
      Electrochemically-controlled metasurfaces with high-contrast switching at visible frequencies
      Science Advances 7, eabd9450 (2021).

86. J. A. Kammerer, X. Duan, F. Neubrech, R. R. Schröder, N. Liu*, and M. Pfannmöller*
      Stabilizing γ-MgH2 at nanotwins in mechanically constrained nanoparticles
      Advanced Materials 33, 2008259 (2021).

85. S. Dey, C. H. Fan*, K. V. Gothelf*, J. Li, C. X. Lin*, L. F. Liu, N. Liu*, M. Nijenhuis, B. Sacca, F. C. Simmel*, H. Yan*, and P. F. Zhan (authors are listed in alphabet order).
      Invited review
      DNA origami
      Nature Reviews Methods Primer 1, 13 (2021).


84. N. Liu
      DNA nanotechnology meets nanophotonics
      Nano Letters 20, 8430-8431 (2020).

83. J. X. Li, P. Yu, S. Zhang, and N. Liu
      A reusable metasurface template
      Nano Letters 20, 6845-6851 (2020).

82. X. Y. Duan, S. T. White, Y. Y. Cui, F. Neubrech, Y. F. Gao, R. F. Haglund, and N. Liu
      Reconfigurable multi-state optical systems enabled by VO2 phase transitions
      Cover article
      ACS Photonics 7, 2958-2965 (2020).

81. J. X. Li, P. Yu, S. Zhang, and N. Liu
     Electrically-controlled digital metasurface device for light projection displays
     Nature Communications 11, 3574 (2020).

80. F. Neubrech, X. Y. Duan, and N. Liu
      Dynamic plasmonic color generation enabled by functional materials
      Science Advances 6, eabc2709 (2020).

79. C. Y. Zhou, Y. J. Yang, H. F. Li, F. Gao, C. Y. Song, D. L. Yang, F. Xu, N. Liu, Y. G. Ke, and P. F. Wang
      Programming surface-enhanced Raman Scattering of DNA origami-templated metamolecules
      Nano Letters 20, 3155 (2020).

78. J. X. Li, Y. Q. Chen, Y. Q. Hu, H. G. Duan, and N. Liu
      Magnesium-based metasurfaces for dual-function switching between dynamic holography and dynamic color display
      ACS Nano 14, 7892–7898 (2020).

77. K. Göpfrich, M. Urban, C. Frey, L. Platman, J. Spatz, and N. Liu
      Dynamic actuation of DNA-assembled plasmonic nanostructures in microfluidic cell-sized compartments
      Nano Letters 20, 1571 (2020).

76. F. Neubrech, M. Hentschel, and N. Liu
      Reconfigurable plasmonic chirality: fundamentals and applications
      Invited review
      Advanced Materials 32, 1905640 (2020).

75. A. Peil, P. F. Zhan, and N. Liu
      DNA origami catenanes templated by gold nanoparticles
      Cover Article
      Small 16, 1905987 (2020).



74. W. Fang, S. Jia, J. Chao, L. Wang, X. Y. Duan, H. Liu, Q. Li, X. Zuo, Li. Wang, N. Liu, and C. H. Fan
      Quantizing single-molecule surface-enhanced Raman scattering with DNA origami metamolecules
      Science Advances 5, eaau4506 (2019).

73. P. F. Zhan, S. Both, T. Weiss, and N. Liu
      DNA-assembled multilayer sliding nanosystems
      Nano Letters 19, 6385 (2019).
72. L. Xin, C. Zhou, X. Y. Duan, and N. Liu
      A rotary plasmonic nanoclock
      Nature Communications 10, 5394 (2019).
      Top 50 Physics Articles in Nature Communications in 2019

71. Y. Q. Hu, X. H. Luo, Y. Q. Chen, Q. Liu, X. Li, Y. S. Wang, N. Liu, and H. G. Duan
      3D-integrated metasurfaces for full-color holography
      Light: Science & Applications 8, 86 (2019).

70. P. F. Zhan, M. J. Urban, S. Both, X. Y. Duan, A. Kuzyk, T. Weiss, and N. Liu
      DNA-assembled nanoarchitectures with multiple components in regulated and coordinated motion
      Science Advances 5, eaax6023 (2019).
69. P. Yu, J. X. Li, X. Li, G. Schütz, M. Hirscher, S. Zhang, and N. Liu
      Generation of switchable singular beams with dynamic metasurfaces
      ACS Nano 13, 7100 (2019).

68. X. Y. Duan and N. Liu
      Magnesium for dynamic nanoplasmonics
      Invited review
      Accounts of Chemical Research 52, 1979 (2019).
67. N. Liu
      DNA nanotechnology for building artificial dynamic systems
      Invited perspective
      MRS Bulletin 44, 576 (2019).
66. M. Urban, C. Shen, X. Kong, C. Zhu, A. O. Govorov, Q. B. Wang, M. Hentschel, and N. Liu
      Chiral plasmonic nanostructures enabled by bottom-up approaches
Invited review
      Annual Review of Physical Chemistry 70, 275 (2019).

65. L. Xin, M. Lu, S. Both, M. Pfeiffer, M. J. Urban, C. Zhou, H. Yan, T. Weiss, N. Liu*, and K. Lindfors*
      Watching a single fluorophore molecule walk into a plasmonic hotspot
'ACS Editor's Choice'
      ACS Photonics 6, 985 (2019).



 64. C. Zhou, L. Xin, X. Y. Duan, M. Urban, and N. Liu
       A dynamic plasmonic system that responds to thermal and aptamer-target regulations
Nano Letters 18, 7395 (2018).
63. X. Y. Duan and N. Liu
       Scanning plasmonic color display
       ACS Nano 12, 8817 (2018).

 62. X. Y. Duan, R. Griessen, R. J. Wijngaarden, S. Kamin, and N. Liu
       Self-recording and manipulation of fast long-range hydrogen diffusion in quasi-free magnesium
       Physical Review Materials 2, 085802 (2018).

 61. P. Yu, J. X. Li, S. Zhang, Z. W. Jin, G. Schütz, C. W. Qiu, M. Hirscher, and N. Liu
       Dynamic Janus metasurfaces in the visible spectral region
Nano Letters 18, 4584 (2018).

  1. J. X. Li, S. Kamin, G. X. Zheng, F. Neubrech, S. Zhang, and N. Liu
    Addressable metasurfaces for dynamic holography and optical information encryption
    Science Advances 4, eaar6768 (2018).
  1. A. Kuzyk, R. Jungmann, G. Acuna, and N. Liu
    DNA origami route for nanophotonics
    Cover article, Invited perspective
    ACS Photonics 5, 1151 (2018).
  1. M. J. Urban, S. Both, C. Zhou, A. Kuzyk, K. Lindfors, T. Weiss, and N. Liu
    Gold nanocrystal-mediated sliding of doublet DNA origami filaments
    Nature Communications 9, 1454 (2018).
  1. N. Liu and T. Liedl
    DNA-assembled advanced plasmonic architectures
    Cover article, Invited review
    Chemical Reviews 118, 3032 (2018).
  1. M. Matuschek, D. Singh, H. Jeong, M. Nesterov, T. Weiss, P. Fischer, F. Neubrech, and N. Liu
    Chiral plasmonic hydrogen sensors
    Cover article
    Small 14, 1702990 (2018).


  1. X. Lan, Z. M. Su, Y. D. Zhou, T. Meyer, Y. G. Ke, Q. B. Wang, W. Chiu, N. Liu, S. L. Zou, H. Yan, and Y. Liu
    Programmable supra-assembly of DNA surface adapter for tunable chiral directional self-assembly of gold nanorods
    Angewandte Chemie International Edition 56, 14632 (2017).
  1. C. Zhou, X. Y. Duan, and N. Liu
    DNA nanotechnology-enabled chiral plasmonics: from static to dynamic
    Invited review, Cover article
    Accounts of Chemical Research 50, 2906 (2017).
    News article at HEISE 'Physiker Basteln Nano-Systeme aus DNA'
  1. Y. Chen, X. Duan, M. Matuschek, Y. Zhou, F. Neubrech, H. Duan, and N. Liu
    Dynamic Color Displays Using Stepwise Cavity Resonators
    Nano Letters 17, 5555 (2017).
  1. M. Hentschel, M. Schäferling, X. Y. Duan, H. Giessen, and N. Liu
    Chiral plasmonics
    Invited review
    Science Advances 3, e1602735 (2017).
  1. A. Kuzyk, M. Urban, A. Idili, F. Ricci, and N. Liu
    Selective control of reconfigurable chiral plasmonic metamolecules
    Science Advances 3, e1602803 (2017).
    News article at Aalto University: "Self-assembled nanostructures can be selectively controlled".
  1. X. Y. Duan, S. Kamin, and N. Liu
    Dynamic plasmonic colour display
    Nature Communications 8, 14606 (2017).
    News article at MPG 'Magic ink from the nanoworld".
    News article at the EU Research & Innovation Magazine 'Fireworks on a pinhead as electrons enable colours in 100 000 pixels per inch'.



  1. M. Urban, P. Dutta, P. Wang, X. Y. Duan, X. B. Shen, B. Ding, Y. G. Ke, and N. Liu
    Plasmonic toroidal metamolecules assembled by DNA origami
    JACS 138, 5495 (2016).
  2. X. Y. Duan, S. Kamin, F. Sterl, H. Giessen, and N. Liu
    Hydrogen-regulated chiral nanoplasmonics
    Nano Lett. 16, 1462 (2016).
  3. A. Kuzyk, Y. Y. Yang, X. Y. Duan, S. Stoll, A. O. Govorov, H. Sugiyama, M. Endo, and N. Liu
    A light-driven 3D plasmonic nanosystem that translates molecular motion into reversible chiroptical function
    Nature Communications 7, 10591 (2016).
    News article at MPG 'Nanoscharnier – mit Licht geschmiert'.
    Featured highlight in perspective article 'Applying plasmonics to a sustainable future' by Mark Brongersma in Science.


  1. M. Urban, C. Zhou, X. Y. Duan, and N. Liu
    Optically resolving the dynamic walking of a plasmonic walker couple
    Nano Lett. 15, 8392 (2015).
  2. X. Y. Duan, S. Yue, and N. Liu
    Understanding complex chiral plasmonics
    Nanoscale 7, 17237 (2015).
  3. C. Zhou, X. Y. Duan, and N. Liu
    A plasmonic nanorod that walks on DNA origami
    Nature Communications 6, 8102 (2015).
    News article at MPG 'Nanotechnologie: Nanoläufer im Laserblick'.


  1. A. Tittl, M. G. Harats, R. Walter, X. Y. Yin, M. Schäferling, N. Liu, R. Rapaport, and H. Giessen
    Quantitative angle-resolved small-spot reflectance measurements on plasmonic perfect absorbers: impedance matching and disorder effects
    ACS Nano 8, 10885 (2014)

  2. N. Li, A. Tittl, S. Yue, H. Giessen, C. Song, B. Ding, and N. Liu
    DNA-assembled bimetallic plasmonic nanosensors
    Nature Light Science and Applications 3, e226 (2014).
    Featured highlight in perspective article ‘Nanoplasmonic sensing and detection’ by Mark Stockman in Science
  3. A. Kuzyk, R. Schreiber, H. Zhang, A. Govorov, T. Liedl, and N. Liu
    3D reconfigurable plasmonic metamolecules
    Nature Materials 13, 862 (2014).
    News and Views by Andrea Di Falco in Nature Materials, ‘Chiral plasmonic nanostructures: Twisted by DNA
    News article at MPG 'DNA als Lichtschalter'.
    News article in Nanowerk 'DNA used as a nano-gold lightswitch'.
  4. A. Tittl, H. Giessen, and N. Liu
    Plasmonic gas and chemical sensing
    Invited review
    Nanophotonics 3, 157 (2014).


  1. X. B. Shen, P. F. Zhan, A. Kuzyk, Q. Liu, A. Asenjo-Garcia, H. Zhang, F. J. García de Abajo, A. Govorov, B. Q. Ding, and N. Liu
    3D plasmonic chiral colloids
    Nanoscale 6, 2077 (2013).

  2. X. b. Shen, A. Asenjo-Garcia, Q. Liu, Q. Jiang, J. García de Abajo, N. Liu*, and B. Q. Ding*
    3D plasmonic chiral tetramers assembled by DNA origami
    Nano Lett. 13, 2128 (2013).
  3. A. Tittl, X. Yin, H. Giessen, X. D. Tian, Z. Q. Tian, C. Kremers, D. N. Chigrin, and N. Liu
    Plasmonic smart dust for probing local chemical reactions
    Nano Lett. 13, 1816 (2013).
    News article in Chemistry World ‘Plasmonic smart dust conjures kinetics clues’.
    News article in Nanowerk ‘Plasmonic smart dust to probe local chemical reactions’.
  4. N. Liu*, F. Wen*, Y. Zhao*, Y. M. Wang, P. Nordlander, N. J. Halas, and A. Alu          
    Individual nanoantennas loaded with three-dimensional optical nanocircuits
    Nano Lett. 13, 142 (2013).
    Featured highlight ‘Optical nanocircuits’ in Nature Materials 12, 178 (2013).


  1. F. Wen*, J. Ye*, N. Liu*, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas                                                              
    Plasmonic transmutation: introducing new modes in nanoclusters by adding dielectric nanoparticles
    Nano Lett. 12, 5020 (2012).
  2. N. Liu*, S. Mukherjee*, K. Bao*, Y. Li, L. Brown, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas                     
    Manipulating magnetic plasmon propagation in metallic nanocluster networks                               
    ACS Nano 6, 5482 (2012).
    News article in ‘Fused molecules guide magnetic plasmons’.
  3. M. Hentschel, M. Schäferling, Th. Weiss, N. Liu, and H. Giessen                                           
    Three-dimensional chiral plasmonic oligomers                                                  
    Nano Lett. 12, 2542 (2012).
  4. T. J. Davis, M. Hentschel, N. Liu, and H. Giessen                                                                
    Analytical model of the three-dimensional plasmonic ruler                                                         
    ACS Nano 6, 1291 (2012).
    Featured highlight ‘How 3D Plasmonic rulers measure up?’ in ACS Nano 6, 990 (2012).
  5. N. Liu and A. Pucci,                                                                                                            
    Know your molecules                                                                                                  
    Nature Materials 11, 9 (2012).
  6. X. B. Shen, C. Song, J. Y. Wang, D. W. Shi, Z. G. WangN. Liu*, B. Q. Ding*                
    Rolling up gold nanoparticle-dressed DNA origami into three-dimensional plasmonic chiral nanostructures                  
    JACS 134, 146 (2012).
  7. N. Liu*, S. Mukherjee*, K. Bao*, L. Brown, J. Dorfmüller, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas              
    Magnetic plasmon formation and propagation in artificial aromatic molecules                       
    Nano Lett. 12, 364 (2012).


  1. A. Tittl, P. Mai, R. Taubert, D. Dregely, N. Liu, and H. Giessen
    Palladium-based plasmonic perfect absorber in the visible wavelength range and its application to hydrogen sensing          
    Nano Lett. 11, 4366 (2011).
    News article in Ars Technica ‘Plasmons on precious metals make for super-sensitive hydrogen leak detector’.
  2. M. L. Tang*, N. Liu*, J. A. Dionne, and A. P. Alivisatos,                                                   
    Observations of shape-dependent hydrogen uptake trajectories from single nanocrystals              
    JACS 133, 133220 (2011).
  3. N. Liu*, M. Lee Tang*, M. Hentschel*, H. Giessen, and A. P. Alivisatos                            
    Nanoantenna-enhanced hydrogen gas sensing in a single tailored nanofocus                       
    Nature Materials 10, 631 (2011).
    Cover article of Nature Materials.
    News article ‘Sensors in the focus’ by Jörg Heber.
    News article in  ‘Nanoantennas target single particles’.
    LBL news article ‘Sharpening the Nanofocus: Berkeley Lab Researchers Use Nanoantenna to Enhance Plasmonic Sensing’.
  4. N. Liu, A. P. Alivisatos, M. Hentschel, T. Weiss, and H. Giessen
    3D plasmon rulers
    Science 332, 1407 (2011).
    Perspective article by Carsten Sönnichsen ‘Detecting intruders on the nanoscale’ in Science 332, 1389 (2011).
    Featured highlight ‘Plasmon rulers: Measuring in 3D’ in Nature Nanotechnology 332, 1407 (2011)
    News article in Photonik ‘Mikroskopische Messung in 3D’.
    News article in ChemPhysChem ‘The Plasmonic Ruler Goes 3D!
    LBL news article ‘Taking the 3D Measure of Macromolecules’.
  5. M. Hentschel, D. Dregely, R. Vogelgesang, H. Giessen, and N. Liu                                          
    Plasmonic oligomers: the role of individual particles in collective behavior                               
    ACS Nano 5, 2042 (2011)


  1. M. Hentschel, M. Saliba, H. Giessen, A. P. Alivisatos, and N. Liu                                            
    Transition from isolated to collective modes in plasmonic oligomers                                       
    Nano Lett. 10, 2721 (2010).
    News article by Jörg Heber ‘The dark side of photonics’.
    News and Views by Mark I. Stockman ‘Dark-hot resonances’ in Nature 467, 541 (2010).
  2. N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen                                                      
    Infrared perfect absorber and its application as plasmonic sensor                                            
    Nano Lett. 10, 2342 (2010).
  3. N. Liu
    Coupling games in metamaterials
    Physik Journal, 09/2010, 57 (2010).
  4. H. Liu, J. X. Cao, S. N. Zhu, N. Liu, R. Ameling, and H. Giessen
    Lagrange model for the chiral optical properties of plasmonic stereometamaterials
    Phys. Rev. B 81, 241403(R) (2010).
  5. N. Liu and H. Giessen
    Coupling effects in optical metamaterials
    invited review, Angewandte Chemie International Edition, 49, 9838 (2010).
    This paper has been featured in Nature Chemistry 4, 1275 (2012).


  1. O. Graydon, H. Giessen, and N. Liu
    A clever twist
    Nature Photonics 3, 176 (2009).
  2. N. Liu, T. Weiss, M. Mesch, L. Langguth, U. Eigenthaler, M. Hirschner, C. Sönnichsen, and H. Giessen
    Planar metamaterial analog of electromagnetically induced transparency for plasmonic sensing
    Nano Lett. 10, 1103 (2009).
    Cover article of Nano letters
    News article in Technology Review ‘Goldener Durchblick
    This paper is one of the most cited papers in Nano Letters of the last 3 years.
  3. N. Liu, L. Langguth, T. Weiss, J. Kästel, M. Fleischhauer, T. Pfau, and H. Giessen
    Plasmonic analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency at the Drude damping limit     
    Nature Materials 8, 758 (2009).
    Cover article of Nature Materials.
    News and Views by S. A. Maier ‘Plasmonics: The benefits of darkness’ in Nature Materials 8, 699 (2009).
    Featured highlight ‘Plasmonic transparency’ in Nature Physics 5, 532 (2009).
  4. N. Liu, H. Liu, S. Zhu, and H. Giessen
    Nature Photonics 3, 157 (2009).
    Cover article of Nature Photonics.
    News article by Oliver Graydon ‘A clever twist’ in Nature Photonics 3, 176 (2009).


  1. N. Liu and H. Giessen
    Three-dimensional optical metamaterials as model systems for longitudinal and transverse magnetic coupling
    Optics Express 16, 21233 (2008).
  2. N. Liu, S. Kaiser, and H. Giessen
    Magnetoinductive and Electroinductive Coupling in Plasmonic Metamaterial Molecules
    Advanced Materials 20, 4521 (2008).
    This article has been highlighted in NanoS 04.08, 19 (Dec. 2008).
  3. N. Liu, L. Fu, S. Kaiser, H. Schweizer, and H. Giessen
    Plasmonic building blocks for magnetic molecules in three-dimensional optical metamaterials
    Advanced Materials 20, 3859 (2008)
    Featured highlight ‘An added dimension’ in Nature Photonics 2, 644 (2008).
  4. N. Liu, H. Guo, L. Fu, S. Kaiser, H. Schweizer, and H. Giessen
    Three-dimensional photonic metamaterials at optical frequencies
    Nature Materials 7, 31 (2008).
    News and Views by G. Shvets ‘Photonics: Metamaterials add an extra dimension’ in Nature Materials 7, 7 (2008).
    Hot paper in 2009 selected by Thomson Reuters.
    Interview by
  5. H. Guo, T.P. Meyrath, T. Zentgraf, N. Liu, L. Fu, H. Schweizer, and H. Giessen
    Optical resonances of bowtie slot antennas and their geometry and material dependence
    Opt. Express 16, 7756-7766 (2008).
  6. L. Fu, H. Schweizer, H. Guo, N. Liu, and H. Giessen        
    Synthesis of transmission line models for metamaterial slabs at optical frequencies
    Phys. Rev. B 78, 115110 (2008).


  1. N. Liu, H. Guo, L. Fu, H. Schweizer, S. Kaiser, and H. Giessen
    Plasmon hybridization in stacked cut-wire metamaterials    
    Advanced Materials 19, 3628 (2007)
  2. N. Liu, H. Guo, L. Fu, H. Schweizer, S. Kaiser, and Harald Giessen
    Electromagnetic resonances in single and double split-ring resonator metamaterials in the near infrared
    Phys. stat. sol. (b) 244, 1251 (2007)
  3. H. Guo, N. Liu, L. Fu, T. P. Meyrath, T. Zentgraf, H. Schweizer, and H. Giessen
    Resonance hybridization in double split-ring resonator metamaterials
    Opt. Express 15, 12095 (2007).
  4. H. Schweizer, L. Fu, H. Gräbeldinger, H. Guo, N. Liu, S. Kaiser, and H. Giessen,
    Negative permeability around 630 nm in nanofabricated meander metamaterials
    Phys. stat. sol. (a) 204, 3886 (2007).
  5. H. Schweizer, L. Fu, H. Gräbeldinger, H. Guo, N. Liu, S. Kaiser, and H. Giessen
    Longitudinal capacitance design for optical left-handed metamaterials
    Phys. stat. sol. (b) 244, 1243 (2007).
  6. H. Guo, N. Liu, L. Fu, H. Schweizer, S. Kaiser, and H. Giessen 
    Thickness dependence of the optical properties of split-ring resonator metamaterials
    Phys. stat. sol. (b) 244, 1256 (2007).
  7. L. Fu, H. Schweizer, H. Guo, N. Liu, and H. Giessen         
    Analysis of metamaterials using transmission line models
    Appl. Phys. B 86, 425 (2007).
  8. C. Rockstuhl, T. Zentgraf, H. Guo, N. Liu, C. Etrich, I. Loa, K. Syassen, J. Kuhl, F. Lederer, and H. Giessen          
    Resonances of split-ring resonator metamaterials in the near infrared
    Appl. Phys. B 84, 219 (2006).        
To the top of the page